This book offers a new approach by combining the disciplines of history, psychology, and religion to explain the suicidal element in both Western culture and the individual, and how to treat it. Ancient Greek society displays in its literature and the lives of its people an obsessive interest in suicide and death. Kaplan and Schwartz have explored the psychodynamic roots of this problem--in particular, the tragic confusion of the Greek heroic impulse and its commitment to unsatisfactory choices that are destructively rigid and harsh. The ancient Hebraic writings speak little of suicide and approach reality and freedom in vastly different terms: God is an involved parent, caring for his children. Therefore, heroism, in the Greek sense, is not needed nor is the individual compelled to choose between impossible alternatives. In each of the first three sections, the authors discuss the issues of suicide from a comparative framework, whether in thought or myth, then the suicide-inducing effects of the Graeco-Roman world, and finally, the suicide-preventing effects of the Hebrew world. The final section draws on this material to present a suicide prevention therapy. Historical in scope, the book offers a new psychological model linking culture to the suicidal personality and suggests an antidote, especially with regard to the treatment of the suicidal individual.
The private thoughts, emotions, hopes, and frustrations contained in this collection of letters written by key figures in psychology provide rich insight into the development of the field. From John Locke writing parenting advice in 17th century Holland to Kenneth B. Clark responding to the impact of his research on the 19th century Brown v. Board decision, this book illustrates the history of the psychology in a direct, engaging manner.
The Psychology of Teaching and Learning provides a thorough and comprehensive introduction to the psychology of instruction in the schools and colleges.The book divides the theory into three stages (the "three steps" in the subtitle): (i) work by the teacher prior to engagement with the student (e.g. needs assessment; diagnosis; mental ability including emotional intelligence); (ii) work by the teacher with the student (e.g. module delivery, formative assessment); and (iii) work done by the teacher after engagement with the student (e.g. summative assessment, remedial planning). The subject matter is wide-ranging including, for example, parental influence, behavioral factors and a consideration of different kinds of intelligence. Martinez-Pons has developed models of instruction in the form of flow charts, reports research (including plentiful quantitative studies) and includes boxed material explaining techniques and concepts (e.g. correlational analysis).It was written with graduate students of education in mind, especially for courses for educational psychology and pedagogy. Because the book develops out of general educational psychology, it is applicable to all stages of education from elementary school to college teaching as well as in-service professionals, including educational psychologists.
Purchase one of 1st World Library's Classic Books and help support our free internet library of downloadable eBooks. 1st World Library-Literary Society is a non-profit educational organization. Visit us online at www.1stWorldLibrary.ORG - - Childhood is a stage in the process of that continual remanufacture of the Life Stuff by which the human race is perpetuated. The Life Force either will not or cannot achieve immortality except in very low organisms: indeed it is by no means ascertained that even the amoeba is immortal. Human beings visibly wear out, though they last longer than their friends the dogs. Turtles, parrots, and elephants are believed to be capable of outliving the memory of the oldest human inhabitant. But the fact that new ones are born conclusively proves that they are not immortal. Do away with death and you do away with the need for birth: in fact if you went on breeding, you would finally have to kill old people to make room for young ones
Eric Shiraev provides a fresh, accessible, and global approach to teaching about the history of psychology. Each chapter in A History of Psychology provides a thorough and global view of psychology's interaction with culture and society in different periods beginning in the ancient times and stretching through the Middle Ages and the modern period to the current millennium. Without reducing the discussion of both contemporary and classic themes and theories, this textbook endorses a more diversified, inclusive approach to psychological knowledge. Constant connections between past and present, a clear and engaging style, along with plentiful examples, visual aids, and critical-thinking questions make this an enjoyable text for students. Features: * Each chapter begins with a highly engaging vignette or opening case, which features a familiar-to-most-students theme or topic. * Global and multicultural emphasis examines the development of psychology from around the world. * The text examines contemporary psychology yet does not give short shrift to the roots of psychology. * Each chapter contains a section on the impact of psychology on society as well as societal influences on the discipline which includes its influence in various fields such as medicine, education, work, criminal justice, business, advertising, and entertainment. *Case In Point boxes give students the opportunity to come to their own conclusions about issues and think critically about biases that may have influenced psychology. * Carefully designed chapter opening timelines place main events, names, and theories in a visual, chronological perspective of psychology's past and present *In their own words boxes display quotes made by famous psychologists and other scholars about psychological research and its applications * Checkpoints, chapter summaries and end-of-chapter key terms help students review and prepare for exams
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